Name: James Buchanan
Term Served: 1857–1861
Birth State: Pa
Elected Age: 65
Age At Death: 77
James Buchanan (1791-1868) was America’s fifteenth president and he served in office from 1857 to 1861. During his administration, seven Southern states withdrew from the Union and the country wavered on the precarious edge of civil war.
A Pennsylvania local, Buchanan started his political journey in his home state’s legislative council and proceeded to serve in the two houses of the U.S. Congress; later, he was made a diplomat and U.S. secretary of state. Buchanan, a Democrat who was ethically contradicted to subjugation yet trusted it was ensured by the U.S.
Constitution, was chosen for the White House in 1856. As president, he attempted to keep up harmony between pro-slavery and abolitionist groups in the legislature, yet strains escalated the more. In 1860, after Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) was elected Buchanan’s successor, South Carolina withdrew and the Confederacy was before long established. A month after Buchanan left office in April 1861, the American Civil War (1861-1865) started.